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This article is about Spiritism. For the similar movements prominent in most English-speaking countries, see Spiritualism.
Allan Kardec, The Codifier of Spiritism
Spiritism is a doctrine codifed in the 19th century by the French educator Allan Kardec. Spiritism soon spread to other countries, having today 35 countries represented in the International Spiritist Council.
The first appearance of the term occurred in French literature with the publication of the The Spirits' Book. In this book, Kardec sought to distinguish spiritualism and Spiritism. Spiritualism is a name common to various religions, philosophies or other names, refers to the opposite of materialism.